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KurdWatch, August 31, 2016—On August 20, 2016, the Kurdish Union Party in Syria (Yekîtî) stated that the health of central committee member ʿAbdullah Gado has worsened while in prison. Founded in 2003, the PYD began as an offshoot of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) looking to expand into Syria. [24] Leftist media commented that "Kurdish rebels are establishing self-rule in war-torn Syria, resembling the Zapatista experience and providing a democratic alternative for the region. Since this time, the Turkish government has refused to countenance any PYD presence at the various Syrian peace talks. "[5] In mid-2012 Reuters cited unconfirmed reports that the towns of Amuda, Derik, Kobani and Afrin were under PYD control. The purpose of these groups was to meet "every week to talk about the problems people face where they live". Many others were detained, often in severe conditions and without basic legal rights—some of those released reported being kept in extended solitary confinement and even being subjected to physical and psychological torture. [19], In mid-2012 the People's Council of Western Kurdistan signed an agreement with the Kurdish National Council (KNC), forming a joint Kurdish Supreme Council (Kurdish Supreme Committee) and agreeing to cooperate on security for Kurdish areas, forming People's Protection Units (YPG). Organization of Iranian Kurdistan Struggle, Action Party for the Independence of Kurdistan, Democratic Patriotic Alliance of Kurdistan, Kurdistan Democratic Party – Progressive Front, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Democratic_National_Union_of_Kurdistan&oldid=913407112, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 31 August 2019, at 22:16. The confident assertiveness of young people was striking. There was none of that stifling obedience to the party, or the obsequious deference to the "big man"—a form of government all too evident just across the borders, in Turkey to the north, and the Kurdish regional government of Iraq to the south. The Democratic Union Party (PYD) is not providing Gado, who has asthma and prostate problems, with proper medical care. Baczko, A., Dorronsoro, G., & Quesnay, A. The plan has the potential to increase rifts within the … After some protesters threw stones, the police opened fire with live ammunition, killing one and injuring at least two more. Involvement in negotiations on Syria. On November 12, the Democratic Union Party (PYD), a Syrian Kurdish group affiliated with the Turkish Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK), announced the creation of an interim government in areas under its control in northeastern Syria. The Kurdish Democratic Political Union (Kurdish: Yekîtiya Siyasî ya Demokrata Kurd‎, Arabic: الإتحاد السياسي الديمقراطي الكوردي‎), or KDPU was a Syrian Kurdish alliance linked to Iraqi Kurdish president Massoud Barzani's Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP). Dr Dara Kurdaxi, a Rojavan economist, has said that: "The method in Rojava is not so much against private property, but rather has the goal of putting private property in the service of all the peoples who live in Rojava. The Democratic Union Party is a Kurdish democratic confederalist political party established on 20 September 2003 in northern Syria. [5] The PYD adopted a crticial stance toward both the Syrian government and the Syrian opposition, including the Syrian National Council (SNC), which it accused of acting in Turkey's interests. The party was created on July 28 in the northern Syrian city of Qamishli to counter its rival, the Syrian Democratic Council (SDC). The party was part of the Kurdistani List in the 2005 elections and received 1 seat in the Kurdistani parliament. ", "Turkey bombs Kurdish-controlled city of Afrin in northern Syria", "Offensive gegen Kurden: Verstößt die Türkei gegen das Völkerrecht? Security forces—including a unit brought from Damascus—fired tear gas in an effort to disperse the crowds. The operational decision made by the Assad regime in mid-July 2012 to withdraw the majority of its forces from Syria’s Kurdish areas effectively ceded control of those territories to the Kurdish Democratic Union Party (PYD). Therefore, many PYD activists imprisoned in the aftermath of the uprising were not given the amnesty that Bashar al-Assad granted other Kurdish detainees as a later goodwill gesture. The Kurdistan Workers’ Party, known by the Kurdish acronym PKK, was founded as a Marxist-Leninist group in Turkey in 1978 in response to state-backed discrimination against Turkish Kurds, with the goal of creating an independent Kurdistan. The Syrian Kurdish Democratic Union Party (PYD) is a Syrian affiliate of the militant Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK). This allegation, however, is not verified and is contradicted by the fact that YPJ-YPG "forces clashed with pro-Assad forces in Aleppo, Qamislo, and Hasakeh. "Communal Democracy: The Social Contract and Confederalism in Rojava. Certain German states will prosecute German citizens for posting YPJ-YPG symbols on social media, or bringing their flags to protests. "[31], While the Turkish state now vehemently opposes the PYD, this wasn't always the case. "[45], Underground activism and state repression (2004–2010). [44], The PYD was also accused in 2011 of working with the Assad regime in Syria. The US is unlikely to withdraw from Syria and halt its support to the Kurdish-dominated Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) in the north of the country, as the two parties concluded a 10-year agreement on military assistance, a representative of the Syrian Democratic Union Party (PYD) told Sputnik. [37] On 20 January 2018, Turkey began Operation Olive Branch against the PYD-governed Afrin Canton in the Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria. The Kurdish-Turkish peace process broke down soon after, leading to a resumption of the Kurdish-Turkish conflict, this time with a Syrian dimension.[13]. Most were soon released, but 15 activists—three of them PYD officials—remained imprisoned and were sent before a military court on various charges. The civil laws of Syria are valid in Rojava, as far as they do not conflict with the Constitution of Rojava. The PYD was established as a S… Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) The Kurdish Democratic Party was founded in 1946 by Mustafa Barzani in the short-lived Kurdish Mahabad Republic in Iran. It is a founding member of the National Coordination Body for Democratic Change, and is described by the Carnegie Middle East Centeras "one of the most important Kurdish opposition parties in Syria". [32] During the early years of the Syrian civil war, Turkish government ministers met PYD leader Salih Muslim several times. During a meeting in Kobane in October 1998, Öcalan attempted to lay the foundations of a new party, which aim was obstructed by the Syrian secret service. The PYD's alleged control over certain areas was said to have led to disputes and clashes between the PYD, the KNC, and the Syrian National Council.[21]. The group includes the Kurdish National Council in Syria (KNC), the Assyrian Democratic Organization (ADO), Ahmad Jarba’s Tomorrow Movement, and the Arab Council of … Syrian security forces also often continued to harass activists and their families following their release. [18] Over 640 PYD-linked prisoners were released by the Syrian security apparatus in 2011, most of whom returned to the north. At the same year, Salih Muslim left the Kurdistan Democratic Party of Syria (KDP-S), an affiliate of the Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iraq, and joined the newly-formed PYD. Create New Account. The representatives of the different community groups meet 'in the main group in the villages or towns called the "House of the People"'. [38][39], While supporting the SDF militarily since the Siege of Kobanî, the United States gives no diplomatic support to the AANES, excluding it from peace talks at the behest of its NATO ally Turkey. See more of Democratic Union Party - PYD on Facebook. The PEP's policies are based primarily on the work of Abdullah Öcalan and ultimately seek to move beyond capitalism in favor of Democratic Confederalism. However, it rejected the invitations because no representatives of the Movement for a Democratic Society, led by the Democratic Union Party, were invited. PRIVACY POLICY @2020 All Right Reserved. Democratic Union Party (PYD) -West Kurdistan. Log In. [15] In 2003, a second attempt led to the establishment of the PYD[16] by Syrian Kurds. [4] It is a founding member of the National Coordination Body for Democratic Change, and is described by the Carnegie Middle East Center as "one of the most important Kurdish opposition parties in Syria". [6][7][8], On its website, the PYD describes itself as believing in "social equality, justice and the freedom of belief" as well as "pluralism and the freedom of political parties". or. The Democratic Union Party (PYD) is a left-wing Kurdish political party operating primarily in the Democratic Federation of Northern Syria. According to Zaher Baher of the Haringey Solidarity Group, the PYD-led TEV-DEM has been "the most successful organ" in Rojava because it has the "determination and power" to change things, it includes many people who "believe in working voluntarily at all levels of service to make the event/experiment successful". The PYD soon became the dominant force in the Kurdish opposition, with its members running checkpoints on major roads and entrances to Kurdish cities. "[25], The polyethnic Movement for a Democratic Society (TEV-DEM), led by the Democratic Union Party (PYD), is the political coalition governing Rojava. During his time as president of the United States, Barack Obama had to make a number of personal phone calls to Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan to appease the outraged Turkish leader. (Photo: Kurdistan 24) Aldar Khalil, a member of Democratic Union Party (PYD) leadership told Kurdistan 24 that they see the visit and Sweden’s recent actions regarding Syrian Kurds and ongoing Kurdish … 164-177). (2018). One notable example for amendment is the family law, where Rojava proclaims absolute equality of women under the law and a ban on polygamy. [42] The announcement of the bounties—a move strongly praised by the Turkish regime—represents a potential conflict in policy, with the U.S fighting alongside YPJ-YPG, while actively looking to capture members of the PKK. PYD is Syria's … It is one of the most important Kurdish opposition parties in Syria as well as a charter member of the National Coordination Body for Democratic Change. [5] The PYD was established as a Syrian branch of the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) in 2003, and both organizations are still closely affiliated through the Kurdistan Communities Union (KCK). The Kurdistan Communities Union, an umbrella group which includes the Syrian Democratic Union Party (PYD) and Turkey’s Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), accused the KDP of spreading “dirty propaganda” which “legitimizes policies adopted by the Turkish State, that aims at extermination of the Kurdish people, … The Washington Kurdish Institute 700 12th Street NW Suite 700, Washington D.C. 20005 Tel: 202.484.0140 In order to exert pressure on regional rivals, former Syrian President Hafez al-Assad supported Kurdish factions in neighboring Iraqi and Turkish Kurdistan. The system has been described as pursuing "a bottom-up, Athenian-style direct form of democratic governance", contrasting the local communities taking on responsibility versus the strong central governments favoured by many states. As a September 2015 report in the New York Times observed:[9]. Videos circulated on social media that appeared to show protesters setting fire to the local offices of several Kurdish political parties, including the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP), the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK), the Change Movement (Gorran), the Kurdistan Islamic Group (KIG), and the Kurdistan … doi:10.1017/9781108355322.010, "Syrian Kurdish leader: We will respect outcome of independence referendum", "Kurdish National Council announces plan for setting up 'Syrian Kurdistan Region, "Transnational Kurdish geopolitics in the age of shifting borders", "Group Denial: Repression of Kurdish Political and Cultural Rights in Syria", BACKGROUNDER: Syrian Kurds and the Democratic Union Party (PYD), "Syrian Kurds Trade Armed Opposition for Autonomy - Al-Monitor: the Pulse of the Middle East", "Barzani Unites Syrian Kurds Against Assad", "Syrian Kurdish moves ring alarm bells in Turkey", "More Kurdish Cities Liberated As Syrian Army Withdraws from Area", "Liberated Kurdish Cities in Syria Move into Next Phase", "PYD Announces Surprise Interim Government in Syria's Kurdish Reg", "Rojava revolution: building autonomy in the Middle East", "The experiment of West Kurdistan (Syrian Kurdistan) has proved that people can make changes", "A Very Different Ideology in the Middle East", "Syrische Kurden verkünden gleiche Rechte für Frauen", "Syria Kurds challenging traditions, promote civil marriage", 'Rojava – the formation of an economic alternative: Private property in the service of all', "Opinion | To Defeat ISIS, Arm the Syrian Kurds", "Kurds could help shift course of war in Syria - World - The Star Online", "Kurdish Separatists End Cease-Fire After Turkish Airstrikes", "Syrian Kurd party says Turkey should not fear its rise", https://news.yahoo.com/turkey-categorically-against-kurdish-pyd-joining-syria-talks-110022134.html, "Has Turkey really stepped into 'Syrian quagmire'? From the 1980s until the late 1990s, Assad also supported the PKK against his regional rival Turkey, similarly providing a safe haven for PKK leader Abdullah Ocalan and allowing the PKK to use Syrian Kurdistan as a base of operations. The United States and France have been sending delegations to the region to encourage a union between the two main Kurdish groups, the Democratic Union Party (PYD), which is the political arm of the SDF, and the Kurdish National Council (KNC), which is more connected to Iraqi Kurdistan. Media & Public Affairs Office –Europe, Weekly Summary of Latest Events in Rojava-Syria. In 1975, Assad offered the Iraqi Kurdish leader Jalal Talabani a safe haven in Damascus to form his new Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) Party. In 1998, the Syrian government banned Kurdish political parties and organizations, including the PUK and PKK, withdrawing its support and forcing them to leave Syria. The Democratic Union Party (Kurdish: Partiya Yekîtiya Demokrat‎ (PYD) pronounced [paːrtɨjaː jɛkiːtɨja dɛmokraːt]; Arabic: حزب الاتحاد الديمقراطي‎, romanized: Ḥizb al-Ittiḥad al-Dimuqraṭiy; Classical Syriac: ܓܒܐ ܕܚܘܝܕܐ ܕܝܡܩܪܐܛܝܐ‎, romanized: Gabo d'Ḥuyodo Demoqraṭoyo) is a Kurdish democratic confederalist political party established on 20 September 2003 in northern Syria. [18] According to the Carnegie Middle East Center, "Despite these agreements, the Kurdish National Council has accused the PYD of attacking Kurdish demonstrators, kidnapping members of other Kurdish opposition parties, and setting up armed checkpoints along the border with Turkey. In this model, states become less relevant and people govern through councils. Anwar Muslim: We have made important achievements, but what is more important to us as a party is what we will achieve and develop in the present and the future Anwar Muslim, the cu-chiar of the Democratic Union Party (PYD), said: “We must all stand together in these difficult circumstances. [7][11][12] The PYD has adopted democratic confederalism as its main ideology and have implemented the ideas of Murray Bookchin and Abdullah Öcalan in the AANES, where hundreds of neighborhood-based communes have established across the regions of Rojava. [43], In Germany, there is a ban on PKK symbols that, as of March 2017, is officially extended the YPG and YPJ flags and symbols. Dozens (including women and children) were detained in the ensuing police crackdown. 2014. [5] Though Syrian security forces had already for several years been targeting members of Kurdish political parties and organizations, the PYD came under intensified persecution in the aftermath of the 2004 Qamishli riots. Its main goal is to establish independence for the greater Kurdistan. Military conflict in Iraqi Kurdistan between the Islamist militant group Ansar al-Islam and the two main Kurdish parties; the Kurdish Democratic Party and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan. Aldar Khalil, a member of Democratic Union Party (PYD) leadership in northern Syria, speaks to Kurdistan 24. However, on Sept. 8, the KNC reached a separate deal with the other main Kurdish alliance — the People's Council of West Kurdistan (PCWK) — which is affiliated with the Democratic Union Party (PYD), to draft the constitution of a transitional Kurdish government to be elected 4 to 6 months later. The Kurdish Democratic Union Party PYD and its powerful military wing YPG/YPJ, considered the most effective fighting force against IS in Syria and U.S. has provided them with arms. Aldar Khalil: "Syria’s Kurds Are Not the PKK", Organization of Iranian Kurdistan Struggle, Action Party for the Independence of Kurdistan, Democratic Patriotic Alliance of Kurdistan, Kurdistan Democratic Party – Progressive Front, Movement for Justice and Development in Syria, Northern Aleppo offensive (February–July 2014), East Ghouta inter-rebel conflict (Apr-May), September Urum al-Kubra aid convoy attack, Turkish military operation in Idlib Governorate, Syrian Liberation Front–Tahrir al-Sham conflict, April 2014 Jordanian–Syrian border airstrike, December 2011 Syrian–Turkish border clash, October 2012 Syrian–Turkish border clashes, Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Syria Region, National Coordination Committee for Democratic Change, International demonstrations and protests, First Northern Syria Demilitarization Deal, Second Northern Syria Demilitarization Deal, Fourth Extraordinary Session of the Islamic Summit Conference, International recognition of the Syrian National Council, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Democratic_Union_Party_(Syria)&oldid=993040890, Articles containing Kurdish-language text, Articles containing Classical Syriac-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 13:56. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [29], In 2012, the PYD launched what it originally called the Social Economy Plan, later renamed the People's Economy Plan (PEP). Mr. Muslim is one of the most prominent Syrian Kurdish political figures, known for his political activism and involvement in the Kurdish … [35][36] In August 2016, Erdogan said that "extermination of the PYD" is a policy aim of the government of Turkey. [17], On 2 November 2007, PYD activists organised large demonstrations in Qamishli and Kobanê, drawing hundreds of Kurds to protest Turkish threats to invade Iraqi Kurdistan, and Syria's support of Turkey. It was founded in 1996 by Ghafur Makhmuri. [40] While US officials liaise with the PYD, they don't accept its requests for representation at these talks. ", "When shame is a badge of honor: the US State Department's bounties on the PKK", "US putting bounties on PKK positive, belated step", "German YPG flag ban continues despite Kurdish fight against Islamic state". A PKK insurgencyagainst the Turkish state began in 1984, and fighting between the two sides has continued intermittently ever since, accompanied by heavy-handed Turki… The Kurdish Democratic Union Party The Kurdish Democratic Union Party (PYD) is a Syrian affiliate of the militant Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK). According to some officials, Turkey's demands included that the PYD not seek an autonomous region through violence, not harm Turkish border security, and be firmly opposed to the Syrian government. Gabo d'Ḥuyodo Demoqraṭoyo) is a Kurdish democratic confederalist political party established on 20 September 2003 in northern Syria. [28] For the first time in Syrian history, civil marriage is being allowed and promoted, a significant move towards a secular open society and intermarriage between people of different religious backgrounds. [5] It is the leading political party among Syrian Kurds. The YPD in turn responds to the Kurdish Supreme Committee (Kurdish: Desteya Bilind a Kurd) is a governing body of Syrian Kurdistan, which was founded by the Kurdish Democratic Union Party (PYD) and the Kurdish National Council (KNC), following the signing on 12 July 2012 of a cooperation agreement between the two … [23] However, the PYD quickly abandoned the coalition with tribalist Kurdish nationalists for the aim of creating a polyethnic and progressive society and polity in the Rojava region. [33], The Turkish government's relationship with the Kurds deteriorated during the Siege of Kobanî, when it was accused of facilitating the advance of the Islamic State, leading to the 2014 Kobanî protests. Democratic National Union of Kurdistan or Kurdistan National Democratic Union (Kurdish: Yekitiya Netewayî Demokratî Kurdistan) (YNDK) is a political party that is based in South Kurdistan. In Civil War in Syria: Mobilization and Competing Social Orders (Problems of International Politics, pp. Despite its emergence in Iran, the party became most prominent in Iraqi Kurdistan, where Barzani’s group became popular with the local population. Mr. Salih Muslim is the Chairman of the Democratic Union Party (PYD) and the Deputy Coordinator of the National Coordination Committee for Democratic Change (NCC) in Syria. The Kurdistan Women Union (KWU) is the KDP's women organisation division which advocates for the rights of women and interests within the party and society. After Turkey changed its view towards the PYD, it characterised it as being the Syrian branch of the PKK. 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